Earthquakes are unpredictable, and surviving them can be tricky. Being knowledgeable and having a plan goes a long way. It’s all about knowing what to do in an instant; where to stand, where to go, where to meet up with loved ones, having an earthquake kits, and more.
When things start rumbling, it can be nerve wracking and depending on where you are, it can be fatal.
Bridges And Buildings
If you are on a bridge or in a high building during an earthquake, you are in a dangerous situation. Bridges and buildings may collapse, and this puts you in a compromising position. The best you can do is to get off the bridge or out of the building at the first sign of rumbling, but if you cannot, seek shelter under a desk or doorway. In the case of a bridge, hang on. Roll down your car windows in case your car falls into water, and stay inside the car to protect yourself from falling debris.
Earthquakes are not seasonal or weather related. They can happen at any time, any day of the year, as a result of geologic processes in the earth.
They are typically caused by …
- Global Tectronics
The pushing together of plates miles beneath the earth’s surface.
- Volcanic Activity
When earthquakes struck Washington state in 1980, there was volcanic activity brewing that resulted in the eruption of the Mount St. Helens volcano.
Deep sea drilling, industrial drilling, high yield explosives, and more can put more pressure on plates and cause earthquakes
The earth is made of several mammoth plates that continuously push up against each other. When the pressure between them gets too high, the plates move violently, shaking the earth above.
Tectonic earthquakes are typically the most destructive. Between 1811 and 1812, New Madrid, Missouri was the victim of three tectonic earthquakes that were so huge and devastating that they were felt over 1000 miles away, rerouting the Mississippi River.
These types of quakes can change the shoreline, putting inner cities ocean site, and causing coastal cities to vanish.
15 Ways To Survive An Earthquake
Secure large items in your home that can move or fall, such as televisions, stereos, picture frames, shelves, light fixtures, mirrors, and anything else.
- Stay Clear
The kitchen is the most dangerous room in the house during an earthquake. With gas lines to stoves that could erupt, heavy appliances that could fall, and knives, it is best to avoid that room at all costs.
Secure furniture and anything that hangs above beds or couches.
- Stay Put
Do not attempt to run outside during an earthquake while your home is shaking. It increases your chances of falling and having glass or debris seriously injure you.
Repair any cracks in the foundation of your home, as well as ceilings and chimneys. These are weak spots that could crumble during a quake.
- Water Heaters
Make sure your water heater is secured to the floor and to the wall with studs and strapping.
- Smoke Detectors And Carbon Monoxide Detectors
Make sure your smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors are up to date ad batteries are fresh.
- Electric And Wiring
Make sure all your wiring and gas connections are up to date and secure.
- Food And Water
Store food and water to last at least 72 hours, per person in your home.
- Dangerous Household Items
Make sure to keep flammable products, pesticides, bleaches, fuels, chemicals, weed killers and more on bottom shelves in closed and secured cabinets that lock.
- Emergency Telephone Numbers
Make sure to have police and fire departments by the phone for all family members to use, as well as radio stations to tune into for emergency information.
- Family Disaster Plan
Map out a location for your family to meet outside your home so that you are not attempting to go back inside to look for loved ones. Print the plan and give to everyone, and also keep a copy in your phone.
- First Aid
Learn CPR and keep a first aid kit on hand.
- Turn Off Services
Make sure your family know how to turn off water, electricity, and gas.
Help your kids understand earthquakes, making sure they do not feel helpless.
Earthquake Survival Kit
Make sure to prepare an earthquake survival kit with these items …
- Emergency fire starter – such as dried tinder, dryer lint, cottonballs, candles
- Fire extinguisher
- Flashlights with extra batteries
- Utility knife
- Pipe wrenches to turn off water pipes
- Crescent wrenches to turn off gas
- Cigarette lighters
- Wooden matches
- Portable radio with extra batteries
- Camp stove or barbecue pit with coals
- Hand held can opener and bottle opener
- Extra food for pets
- Toilet paper
- Heavy duty plastic bags
- Hand sanitizer
- First aid kit
- Nylon rope
- Fire escape ladder