Many types of scorpions can be found in US, and while their stings are extremely painful they are hardly ever fatal. Scorpions have no teeth, so they cannot bite you, but they do sting, and that’s where the danger lies. The Arizona Bark Scorpion is the most venomous of scorpions in Arizona and residents know to look out for them.
Is It Possible To Die From A Scorpion Sting?
While it is rare, you can die from a scorpion sting if you are allergic to insect bites or stings. People with weak immune systems or other medical conditions can die after being stung by a scorpion, as well as small children and the elderly. Healthy adults are not at a high risk to die from a scorpion bite.
Are All Scorpions Dangerous To Humans?
Whenever you come across a scorpion it is safer to avoid them, and if stung, to seek medical attention. Most Arizona residents mistake other scorpions for the Arizona Bark Scorpion, so it is best to educate yourself on the different species of scorpions in Arizona.
Types Of Scorpions
- Long, slender tail
- Long, slender hands and fingers
- Uniform tan/yellow to orange color in the desert
- Stripped at high elevations
- Tail is curled to the side when at rest
- Males tend to coil their tails horizontally over their body
- Found in rocky areas in the desert and throughout Arizona
- 2 to 3 inches long
- Have 25 to 25 babies at once
- Nocturnal creatures
- Are found in groups
- Eat insects, typically crickets and roaches
- They can swim
- They can climb rough surfaces
- Can be found in homes
Giant Hairy Scorpion
- Largest scorpion in the United States.
- Neither slender or robust hands, fingers, or tail
- Yellow in color
- Glow a greenish color in fluorescent light
- Digs and burrows, living under surface objects
- Found in saguaro forests of Arizona
- More than 4 inches long
- Eat spiders, centipedes, small lizards, and other scorpions as well as other insects.
- Burrow for water
- Very robust
- Inflated palms
- Yellow / Brown with stripes
- Under 3 inches long
- Females are bigger than males
Yellow Ground Scorpion
- Slender hands and fingers
- Yellow and granular
- Found in the Sonoran Desert
- Lives under rocks or other surface objects
- Burrows and digs
- Nocturnal creatures
Symptoms Of A Scorpion Sting
In the case that you do not see the scorpion and are not sure what stung you, here are the most typical symptoms ..
- Immediate Pain
- Some Swelling
- Sensitivity To Touch
Severe Symptoms include …
- Blurry Vision
- Losing Consciousness
Treating A Scorpion Sting
- Wash bite with soap and water.
- Apply cool compress on bite for 10 minutes, then remove for 10 minutes, and repeat.
- Make sure your tetanus shot is current.
- Call 1-800-222-1222. This is the Banner Good Samaritan Poison Control Center Hotline where they will ask your symptoms and determine the best treatment. If they find you to have severe symptoms they will find you the nearest emergency room to go to, and send an ambulance if you cannot get there on your own
- Poison Center staff will follow up with you if you decide to stay home.
Preventing Scorpion Stings
- Prevention is always the best medicine.
- Always shake your clothes, shoes, and sleeping bags when camping to make sure a scorpion is not inside them.
- Use a black light to spot them easily. They glow when UV light hits them.
- Eliminate their food source … insects.
- Call a professional exterminator if you suspect there is a scorpion or scorpions in your home.
The venom from a scorpion is used to subdue their prey. The neurotoxin found in the venom affects the nervous system, rendering their victims helpless. A scorpion injects their venom based on the size of their prey. While most scorpions found in the United States are found in Arizona, there are some in New Mexico and California, too. A typical scorpion can live three to five years, but some can live up to 15 years.
While the Arizona Bark Scorpion is the most dangerous in the United States, the most dangerous in the world is the Deathstalker found in North Africa and the Middle East. With over 1500 scorpion species worldwide, 60 of those species are found in Arizona and California.
Scorpions have been around for 450 million years. Their crab-like appearance makes it likely that they have an oceanic origin. Now they are desert dwellers, but they still like darkness.
Since these creatures are nocturnal, be more wary of them at night. Use a black light and always shake out your clothing before putting them on if they have been left outside, especially overnight. If you live in the United States you are most likely not going to die from a scorpion sting, but if going abroad, be extra careful in areas where scorpions reside.