Outdoor activities can be fun, exploring nature and the peace from the noisy city, is what many people look for when looking to spend some good time in the fields. Many of us tend to ignore taking good care of our feet when we are out hiking. Good foot care tips should be a priority. The only thing we all do is buying expensive hiking boots, when we feel a little pain we think that it’s just a minor thing and continue walking with the minor problem. We rarely walk, though an occasional morning run is a common custom among those who live an active lifestyle. Still, this is not enough to prepare your feet to the abuse they face when you go hiking and have to walk or run on terrains that are rough and uneven. Not to mention the weather conditions in the fields will be different from the weather you enjoy during your 15 – 30 minutes run. Dark, moist and warm climate encourage development of fungal infections. Other things that can occur include blisters.
This guide looks at the frequent foot problems and the foot-care tips to use.
- Developing a Hard skin
A common foot problem. Many will experience having a hard skin, especially on the borders of the heels. Though the hard skin can occur even on the edge of your toes and the balls of your feet. When not treated, the hard skin will in turn crack and hence cause fissures to develop inside the lower feet tissues. In case the cracks get infected, then it will be a very painful experience that will require proper medical treatment. The best way to treat hard skin, is using a foot moisturizer which has urea. If you experience a crack on the hard skin while you are out, then blister plasters will help in keeping the bacteria out.
- The Corns
When your feet experience frequent friction then some skin arrears will become hard and thick. Most hikers will ignore them, but then if you leave the corns untreated then with time they will develop into painful wounds on your feet. To prevent corns, make sure your shoes are a perfect fit, to minimize constant friction. If you have already developed the corns, visit a podiatrist and get them removed. Those in the fields should have the corn plaster remover, they will help as you wait to go to the doctor.
- The Blisters
Very painful fluid filled feet lesions that can make every step you take a nightmare. They are also caused by constant friction and the pressure exerted by your footwear on your feet. The main cause of blisters is wearing non fitting shoes, moisture, wrinkled socks or by a deformity of the feet. People with sweaty feet develop blisters more often when they go for long walks. Ample footwear and good socks will prevent blisters. Blisters heal naturally so don’t burst them when they develop. The body absorbs the fluid, then the skin will dry and peel off. Bursting the blisters exposes the wound to bacteria and other infections. In case they burst accidentally cover the place with your padded dressing.
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- The Chilblains
A common scenario for people suffering from circulatory problems. Blood vessels on your toes will constrict hence less irritation on the foot, this is caused by abrupt weather changes. Chilblains need no treatment since they naturally disappear, they only need prevention. When it’s cold, try to keep your limbs warm. Try and be active so that there is improved blood circulation. Don’t wear very fitting apparel as they will limit your blood circulation. When they develop make sure the affected area is kept warm, make sure it’s not very hot. Hand warmer socks also help.
- The Frostbite
Frostbites are known to cause serious tissue destruction. Wearing wet foot wear in the cold cause frostbites. When any body tissue is exposed to cold conditions that are below 0.55C, expect some frostbites to develop. Common body parts are lips, nose, ears, feet and hands. The major symptom being pain and numbness. The best way to ward off frostbite is keeping your body warm and the affected part should be elevated to prevent any swelling. Remove all the fitting clothing you might have as they might restrict free blood circulation. Taking hot beverages will also help, make sure the fluids do not have any caffeine. Rubbing the area will damage the tissues. Seeking medical condition is important is the frostbites are very severe.
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Many people have diabetes and this medical condition tend to affect the feet. The most common foot problem being losing sensation. This in turn will affect your walking style and affect your balance, hence damaging your feet or cause much more serious injuries. Those with diabetes should make sure they give extra importance to their foot care practices. Your feet should always be comfortable.
If you take good care of your feet, then you are guaranteed that you will enjoy your holiday. Having the correct foot wear combined with care tips is very important.