The whole world depends on farming, directly and indirectly. All the food we eat majority are from farms. Farming needs a lot of patience, but when disaster strikes and you still have to farm because your family depends on the food for survival then the situation becomes extra challenging. You might never know what kind of disaster to be prepared for: oil crisis, hurricanes, tornados, terrorist attacks, and nuclear attacks. All these disasters will still demand that you have enough supply of foodstuff and water that can last or a whole season/year.
That’s why it’s important to have some preparation that will limit and reduce the stressors and still give your garden a chance to give good yields.
- Generating a Shade
The most common type shades used in farming are the greenhouses and the row covers. So what do you need to generate a good farming shade: space sheets (large in size), clothes, greenhouses (these can be bought and are easy to set up)? All these are intended to cover both the plants and the soil so as to reduce the amount of water that is lost in a hot climate. Remember, it’s a simple shade, use the available materials, taking into consideration insects, wind, pests, etc. the shade should allow easy pollination, weeding, watering and harvesting. Annual or perennial plans can be sued in generating shades. For arbors you can use plants like kiwi, grapes and other types of vines. Grapes and the Chinese long beans will run up before leafing out. This permits penetration of more light when it’s a little cold (early morning/evening). Some plants like tuber crops and potatoes will benefit from a full circle shade.
- Splitting the Seasons
Many farmers might not be familiar with these. If your environment is hot, then you might have limited water options. You can decide to split a season. However, it will need some research. Get the average rainfall for each month, then count backwards. Start land preparation earlier than normal. Then move the plants when they start to sprout to a greenhouse. The aim is to get the plants in the fields when it’s less sunny. There will be massive starts by the plants when the temperatures start to go up. This strategy will mean early harvest, and when it’s too hot, the land will be left dormant with no crops. Simply adjust your seasons by counting a few weeks back, but this can only work effectively with proper preparation and knowledge.
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- Selecting Varieties
This is one trick that all modern farmers have learned to appreciate. Unless you are a large scale commercial farmer, then this might not be very applicable to you. When you have the correct plant selection, most importantly the desert species, then you increase the resiliency. Those in cold climates might find this to be a little challenging. When planting the drought resistant crops it’s good to get them well established so that they are not abused by the other crops. Summer storms and strange spring seasons can make the whole selection of varieties be very challenging, since they cause plenty of destruction to crops. Also, having seeds that are fast growing are good options when you are faced with water shortages/ no rainfall or a fairly short season. Hybrid crops will also be very useful at this time. However the only challenge being that hybrids cannot breed effectively when they are planted with their next generation. You have to make sure there is no cross pollination between the hybrids and the seed saving plants, this will help in keeping the stock of fresh seeds going.
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- The Curveballs and the Challenges
Farming from the beginning of time has depended on the grace of Mother Nature, and that’s why you must always be prepared for any curveballs that might be sent your way by Mother Nature. These curveballs will come with new challenges, which you must deal with if you practice food crop farming. Luckily, you can always check for historical solutions that past farmers had used to deal with the different types of curveballs and difficulties they faced. Farmers still managed to survive and get yields even during the worst season. Even if you don’t get your usual yields but you can at least get something worthwhile if you have the correct plant selection and combination methods. This can only be achieved if you know all the weather trends of your region, the seasons, and the climate patterns. With this knowledge you will be prepared with your plan A and also with a plan B in case you have to improvise. Though hybrids should not be the first pick, they do come with benefits which are useful when the situation is not so friendly.
Remember to always have a backup plan when it comes to making sure your crops survive through any disaster.