Water happens to be one of the most priced resources in the world. It gets worse when you are surviving after a disaster when you unable to access clean water. That’s why understanding and knowing several methods of purifying water is very important at all times. Even those who have stored enough supply of water will still need to have a few options of purifying water. There 4 basic ways of purifying water and each has a different style. All these methods are easy and within a short period of time you will be having clean water for use.
- Heating The Water
Eating happens to be the oldest form of purifying water. This can be done as so long you have a good supply of heat. It’s also a good method of killing bacteria and impurities in the water you have.
If you want to get water that is extremely pure, then this is the best method to use, the only challenge instant it uses a lot of fuel. You will need to have a container, a hose and a clean container. The water is heated up, until it turns to vapor then it cools back to liquid. Though it’s a complicated process, it’s known to be highly effective.
Quite similar to our first option, though not a good option if you have limited supply of heat. The duration should be between 3 and 5 minutes, all determined by the elevation of killing the pathogens. If you over do it, you might end up losing all that water through evaporation. Remember higher elevations will require that you boil the water at lower temperatures. It’s an easy way of purifying water.
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This involves heating the water for at eats 6 minutes, the temperature should be at 160 degrees. This will kill the parasites and pathogens present in the water. Minimal fuel is needed and even a home installed solar powered heater can be used.
- Chemical Treatment
Using this method is also very effective. All bacteria, parasites, viruses and any form impurities will be killed. The only challenge is that you have to be extra cautious with the amount of chemical you add to your water supple, also your water will have a distant taste of the chemical and the smell. Make sure you allow the chemical to work by leaving the water for a minimum of 30 minutes.
- Chlorine Bleach
Chlorine is a simple household bleaching agent (sodium hypochlorite). It’s also an important household product that you should have as part of your emergency supply. Make sure the chlorine bleach you use is unscented. Since chlorine degrades after 6 months, it’s important that you rotate your supply.
You can use iodine tincture (2%) to purify your water, however you must be prepared to have a different taste and color of water. Apart from being a purifying agent, iodine is commonly used as a disinfectant. You can either get the liquid iodine or the tablet form.
- Calcium Hypochlorite
The best thing about this purifying agent is that it doesn’t expire hence it’s forever effective. It’s also very affordable, when buying make sure the brand you purchase has a minimum of 73% of calcium hypochlorite with no other additional algaecides and chemicals. You can use it as an alternative product to chlorine and has similar germ killing abilities as chlorine.
- Chlorine Dioxide Tablet
One of the most modern methods of water purification. The tablets are able to get rid of all the impurities that will be present in your water supply. You don’t have to worry about any weird or bad taste. They are durable and do not expire. They are very effective, though you will have to wait for a minimum of 4 hours to effectively purify water.
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- Mechanical Filtration
You can combine the heat purification method or the chemical methods when using the mechanical filtration. The other option is to use the mechanical filtration independently. When considering you will have a variety of forms to pick from: water bottles, pump devices that are hand held, homemade devices or commercial products. It’s very easy and also among the most effective methods of purifying water.
- Ultraviolet Light
A very uncommon way of purifying water. Ultraviolet rays can be sued to kill bacteria and pathogens that will be present in water. There are several homemade models that you can make, the only challenge being that the UV light cannot get rid of viruses. It’s not a reliable method of purifying water.
We all have different filtration needs and so consider picking a method that will suit your personal preference. When faced with an emergency, you should choose a method that uses minimal energy source and also very easy to use. Always make sure, the water you sue is very clean.