You don’t need to be a doctor or a nurse to save a life. A situation can arise where a person has a medical condition that requires the attention of a doctor, but then the doctor cannot be available immediately. There are some basic medical skills that you should have that can help you in saving someone’s life. Ideally, when faced with a situation the first thing you should do is to call 911 and seek for help. After you have done that, then you can make sure the person who is injured or ill is in the best position that doesn’t worsen their situation. Make sure you prioritize their safety. Below are some important skills that will guide you through a medical situation.
- Cleaning & Dressing A Wound
In many survival cases, you find people suffering from cuts or wounds. A simple cut can turn out to be very dangerous and life threating if it is not appropriately treated and cleaned. The person can suffer from severe secondary infection which sometimes can lead to amputation. It’s important for one to know how to clean and disinfect the wound properly. After that, they have to know how to bandage the wound. The smaller wounds might be easier to handle, but when the wounds are bigger and deeper, then you need to make sure that you stop the bleeding very fast. Lift the body part where the wound is located so that it is above the heart’s level. This will help the heart in pumping blood away from the wound. You can also stop the bleeding by applying pressure on the wound. When you successfully manage to stop the bleeding, the next step will be cleaning and disinfecting the wound. This is done to prevent any cases of infection. Make sure you always have a disinfectant as part of your survival kit, using warm water is highly recommended. Below is a video link on how to properly treat cuts and grazes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4e7evinsfm0 and how to bandage a wound: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fKzdiuseEIw
- Performing A CPR
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) happens to be one of the most important medical skills everyone needs to have. This skill is usually used to save the life of an individual suffering from cardiac arrest. The whole aspect of CPR is to make the heart start pumping blood to the body again. When performing CPR, you are supposed to follow the below steps:
- Chest Compressions
- Rescue Breathing
- A Makeshift Sling or Splint
Having the skill to make your own sling is very important. The makeshift splints are very helpful especially when someone has a broken bone. When it comes to getting involved in an accident no one can escape that. We only try to minimize the chances, but when the accidents occur we need to be prepared to deal with the situation. Getting Injured and having broken bones is very common. When dealing with an emergency or an outdoor situation, you will have to make your own splint to protect your broken bone. The primary objective of the sling is to make sure the injured part is immobilized therefore no more damage is done to eat, and it facilitates a quick recovery. Making a sling is one of the easy DIY projects that only need a straight object. Below is a video link on how to make your own makeshift splint/sling: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PwfBGkBXkFA
- The Heimlich Maneuver
Anyone can suffer from choking, and it can take place anywhere. This skill is performed when an individual is being choked. The Heimlich maneuver mainly entails performing several abdominal thrusts to the victims till they cough out what is choking them. Usually, when we choke, it means something is blocking our airway, and the whole idea of the Heimlich maneuver is to remove the object from the airway. However one needs to be very cautious when doing this first aid skill. You have to make sure you apply the correct amount of force, and it’s done in a proper method to prevent causing any injuries to the person. Below is a video link on how you can perform the Heimlich maneuver: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PA9hpOnvtCk
The above medical skills can also be taught to children. Kids also need to be equipped with basic medical knowledge and skills so that they know how to handle such situations when they face them.